It needs loans and donations because it has always needed them. Ortega's program depended from its earliest days on foreign aid, as did mobile phone number list the Sandinista regime in the 1980s. The history of Ortega's finances is a history of regional communicating vessels. And now it wants to be a story of global interconnections.
Ortega's need and Chavez's generosity
When he came to power in 2007, Ortega mobile phone number list needed financial fuel to launch a political project that he considered a continuation of the Sandinista Revolution and he found fuel in the strict sense: Venezuelan oil, which he began to receive on concessional terms from that year. Ortega seized power at a time when the Latin American stars were aligned in the way that could be most favorable to him. That was the year in which Hugo Chávez took a mobile phone number list major turn towards authoritarianism after, with his abstention or rejection, on December 2, 2007, the majority of Venezuelans did not endorse the constitutional reform of the Bolivarian Revolution.one. Defeated in a referendum in which the opposition saw a first step towards a democratic way out of the crisis, Chávez felt dents in his popularity: "the defeat had shattered the myth of Chávez's invincibility," concluded Jon Lee Andersontwo.
That year there was also a turning point in Cuba. Defeated by his invincibility, Fidel Castro doubled his king in the face of old age, ensured the succession and in 2008 handed over the power that he exercised for 49 years without giving or giving mobile phone number list himself a respite. The marked physical and mental deterioration had been striking insistently: "In June 2001 he passed out from exhaustion and heat during a long public address, and in 2004, after giving a speech, he mobile phone number list tripped and fell, splintering his left knee and fracturing his right arm [and] sometimes his hands tremble and he lacks stability when walking; he has bouts of amnesia and incoherent expression; and sometimes he falls asleep in public », remembers Anderson, before giving an account of the fears that swarmed:3.